For years and years, players have been watching the wheel spin hoping that the ball will land in that particular pocket, or trigger the particular combination they have landed their money on. As you can probably conclude from the name Roulette, the game originates from France, literally translates as “little wheel”, and dates back to the beginning of the 18th century. There is even a story/myth that the famous French scientist Blaise Pascal was some kind of responsible for introducing roulette to the world while trying to construct Perpetuum mobile.
Nowadays, roulette represents one of the most beloved casino games worldwide. Literally, hundreds of variations have been developed since the 18th century. And if one wants to be successful in playing roulette, that’s exactly the first step to make – to get familiar with basic variations. The game of roulette comes in three main forms:
- European Roulette;
- French Roulette;
- American Roulette.
Today, you have the opportunity to enjoy a palette of online roulette games, including these three main versions, and dozens more, such as multi-ball roulette, Multi-wheel roulette, Live roulette with genuine persons as dealers, as well as some modified ones, such as 100/1 roulette, which follows European rules, but increases the maximum possible payout to 100:1!
Although the game started in France, nowadays, the European version represents the most reachable and popular roulette variant. Its wheel is similar to the one found in the French version, and contains 37 pockets, for numbers 1-36, while the last one is reserved for number 0. Since it is played on a single-zero wheel, European Roulette introduces a house edge percentage of 2.70%. As for the playing table, its layout is exactly the same as in French Roulette. Such layout allows each player to place his chips on 157 different betting outcomes.
European Roulette Bet Types
To understand these combinations better, you should first get familiar with types of bets you can place in European Roulette. There are two main variants: inside bets and outside bets.
The first group (inside bets) comprises the following betting possibilities:
- Single/Straight – includes one number, pays 35:1
- Split – includes two adjoining numbers, pays 17:1
- Street – includes three in a horizontal line adjacent numbers, pays 11:1
- Square/Corner – includes four number fields which meet at one of the corners, pays 8:1
- Double Street/Six Line – includes six numbers in two horizontal lines, pays 5:1
Some versions may also offer two more inside bets: “Trio”, which includes three numbers, among which one needs to be 0, and “First Four”, through which you cover the 0-1-2-3 combination of numbers.
The second group (outside bets) comprises the following betting possibilities:
- Red or Black
- Odd or Even
- 1-18 (“Low Bet”)
- 19-36 (“High Bet”)
- Dozen bet (“First” 1-12, “Second” 12-24, and “Third” 24-36)
- Column bet, which covers one vertical column of 12 numbers, and
- Snake bet, which is a special bet that covers the 1-5-9-12-14-16-19-23-27-30-32-34 combination of numbers. The name originates from a zig-zag pattern these numbers form. It cannot be found in all casinos.
Betting on the colour and playing odd, even, low and high bets pay 1:1, while dozen, column, and snake bets pay 2:1.
French variant is played on the same exact single-zero, 37-pocket wheel found in European Roulette. The table has the same appearance, providing a total number of 157 different betting combinations. The house edge percentage is also the same – 2.70%. The main difference between the European and French version lies in the fact that French Roulette recognises special “call bets”.
French Roulette Types of Bets
French Roulette includes inside bets, outside bets, as well as call bets. Inside bets are the same as in European version, but with a fancier, French-like name:
- En Plein – straight;
- A Cheval – split;
- Transversale – street;
- Carré – corner/square;
- Sixainne – six line/double street.
When it comes to French Roulette outside bets, the situation is pretty much the same:
- Rouge/Noir – red/black;
- Impair/Pair – odd/even;
- Passe/Manque – high/low;
- Douzaine – dozen;
- Colonne – column.
French Roulette Call Bets
The third group comprises call bets, and this is where it gets interesting with French Roulette:
- Voisins du Zéro (neighbours of zero) covers all pockets located between 22 and the number 25, including these two. It got its name while it covers nine numbers on the one side of the pocket 0, and 7 numbers on the other side of it, which makes a total of 17 numbers! It includes one corner and one street bet, both requiring two chips, and five split bets, which require one chip, which makes a total of nine chips to cover all 17 pockets!
- Tiers du Cylindre includes 12 adjoining pockets and is consisted of six split bets, each requirings single chip, which makes a total of six chips.
- Orphelins a Cheval is a combination of one straight and four split bets, covering the remaining 8 pockets not included in previous two call bets. To cover an entire bet, the player requires five chips.
- Jeu Zéro is a kind of a Voisins du Zéro mini-game, including one straight and three split bets. An entire bet requires four chips, through which you can cover 7 pockets.
- Finale en Plein is an advanced bet type allows you to cover four straight bets with the same number of chips, comprising four numbers which have the same digit at the end.
- Finales a Cheval is similar to Finale en Plein, except for it covers a series of split bets.
The wheel used in this roulette version includes one pocket more compared to previously described variants. You get to play on a wheel with 38 pockets, for numbers 1-36, and two reserved for 0 and 00. Such configuration increases house edge percentage to 5.26%. A total number of 161 different bets can be placed in American Roulette.
Inside bets are exactly the same as in the European version, with the addition of so-called “Sucker bet”, which covers the 1-2-3-0-00 combination. Such combination carries a slightly higher house edge percentage of 7.89% and pays 6:1.
When it comes to American Roulette outside bets, they do not differ from those found in the European version as well.
Special Roulette Rules
There are two special rules that apply to French Roulette only:
- La Partage – if a ball stops in the 0 pocket, the dealer cuts all even money bets in two equal parts and returns one of them to the player. This decreases the house edge from 2.70% to 1.35%.
- En Prison – also covers only the even bets, allowing the player to “imprison” his stake if the ball hits 0. This way, the game proceeds to the next spin with the same bet type as in the previous one. If such bet combination occurs in a new spin, the player gets the money back. Otherwise, the stake gets forfeited by the dealer.